I am presently writing a case study on the best practices of inclusive employment for persons with intellectual disability here in Bangladesh.
Employment rights for persons with intellectual disability is a new idea here.
Persons with intellectual disabilities are often subjected to discrimination and negative attitudes in Bangladesh, where they live in an unfriendly and hostile environment. They encounter non-cooperation, ill treatment, neglect and hostility at the family, community, society and government levels. Many people in Bangladesh view intellectual disability as a curse and a cause of embarrassment to the family. Persons with intellectual disabilities in rural area of Bangladesh are looked at negatively by society. They are bullied and introduced with inappropriate word and derogatory terms. Women and girls with intellectual disabilities experience more negative attitudes than their male counterparts. Discrimination, exclusion and neglect of persons with intellectual disabilities and their household are still prevalent, as the laws (including the Rights and Protection of Persons with Disability Act 2013) are not being sufficiently enforced.
Persons with intellectual disabilities are not able to learn from mainstreaming educational institutions. Furthermore, there are lack of inclusive education system. These lead them to the exclusion from getting admitted into vocational training institution. Education system and admission criteria of vocational training institutions are the base cause of exclusion of persons with intellectual disabilities from formal job market.
Another important barrier to employment of persons with intellectual disabilities seem to be prejudice and ignorance. In addition, persons with intellectual disabilities are not given the opportunity in the recruitment process. There was an employment quota of 10% applicable for only persons with physical disabilities and orphans, but this quota system is withdrawn by government recently.
Persons with intellectual disabilities are less likely to be involved in any economic activity in Bangladesh. Although most of the persons with intellectual disabilities have some forms of special skills or knowledge, employers have a negative mind set, prejudice and ignorance to recruit them in their regular workforce. In addition, in most cases, employees with intellectual disabilities do not get equal rights and privileges as their colleagues without disability. A clear understanding on person with intellectual disability is important for effective inclusion of persons with intellectual disabilities into employment and ensuring equal rights.
Very few person with intellectual disability get a chance to access a job. But employers even do not pay them minimum remuneration set by the government. Persons with disability get less than half of minimum remuneration from employers.